Becoming a doctor is no easy feat. You do not need a bunch of accountants to tell you that. We can tell you a few things about the business side of your practice and help get you on the road to financial security.
We can help you navigate the tax issues that distinguish the salaried resident from the self-employed physician.
You should know about paying income tax installments, allowable business deductions, and filing returns. Moreover, should you incorporate? Incorporation is an important professional decision for which you need specialized professional advice.
Taxes and the practicing physician
As a salaried medical resident, your employer is responsible for taking off the necessary taxes and payments for EI and CPP. You are more likely to earn a refund after claiming all your tuition credits than you are to owe. Simply put, the salary you collect from your employer is the net amount, as opposed to the gross. None of that requires a great deal of expert know-how.
Working as a practicing physician is an entirely different matter. In most cases, you will be self-employed.
As a self-employed physician, you will bill and receive income from AHS. You will be responsible for paying your taxes, quite likely as a member of the highest tax bracket. At this point, you may have exhausted all of your tuition credits against your resident salary; however, you will be able to deduct certain business expenses. In short, you need to manage your income to allow for tax payments, but you will have expenses that can be used to reduce your taxable income. You should have separate bank accounts for your personal spending, and for your business revenue and expenses to simplify accounting for your business.
Allowable tax deductions for self-employed physicians
As a rule, most expenses incurred are deductible if they are incurred to earn business income, are reasonable in the circumstances, and are allowed under the Income Tax Act (ITA).
The following are some common business expenses for physicians:
- Accounting and legal fees;
- Advertising and promotion;
- Meals and entertainment (50%);
- Annual license fees and professional dues;Interest on office loans and lease payments on equipment;
- Professional development;
- Medical supplies;
- Salaries and employee benefits;
- Travel expenses;
- Practice overhead insurance;
- Extended health insurance; and
- Malpractice insurance
KEEP YOUR RECEIPTS for all of the above and any other expense you think might be business related.
Your accountant can help you understand eligible deductions based on your specific situation and help you maximize your deductions and minimize taxes.
Filing tax returns and paying the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA)
As a self-employed physician, your tax return must be filed by June 15; however, any tax owing is due April 30. As a resident, your tax return is due on April 30. No one is withholding your income tax at source, so the CRA requires quarterly installments due on the 15th of March, June, September, and December. The easiest way to pay your taxes is online, through your bank.
Set aside money for taxes owing and for future tax installments to avoid interest and penalties on insufficient or missed payments. It is a good idea to open a separate bank account to save for taxes.
If you still have a large line of credit, and the limit does not decrease with payments, with proper planning, you could park your savings for taxes in the line of credit to reduce interest charges until the tax payments are due. Clear this with your bank.
We recommend meeting with an accountant before you transition into self-employment.